ESPI Yearbook 2020 – Monitoring the development of the European space policy in a global context [Dec/2021]
In June 2021, the
European Space Policy Institute (ESPI) published its annual Yearbook. It
provides an examination of the main trends and developments in the space
sector, space policy, and space programmes over the past year. Implementing a
worldwide scope, but highlighting topics expected to impact the future of the
European space sector, the ESPI yearbook aims to showcase Europe’s position
within the international space landscape.
The worldwide rise of
commercial spaceports, especially with regards to the shift towards reusable
rockets, are found among the most disruptive industry trends. Furthermore
emphasized is the ongoing transformation of U.S. Human Spaceflight and landing
Regarding space policy,
the main developments impacting the sector in 2020 are identified to be:
- Completion of the EU Multiannual Financial Framework and space program
- European institutional developments in the space sector
- Defence programmes around the world shift focus towards space
- Artemis programme including signing of the Artemis accord
- The Covid-19 pandemic
Of particular interest
for the space economy, ESPI reported 114 orbital launches worldwide, an 11%
increase compared to 2019 despite the Covid crisis. With 10 launches, the
European launch service provider conducted 10% of total launches in 2020. Note
that the European spaceport was shut down for two months, affecting at least
half a dozen missions. For the second consecutive year, China conducted the
highest number of launches (39), while 36 launches were conducted by the US.
To learn more about this
topic and access the ESPI’s full report, please click here.
To learn more about
ESPI's activities and reports, please click here.